In criminal defense the right to be presumed innocent is one of the most important constitutional rights an accused person has against the power of the government. It is one of the things that sets our country apart from places Like China, the Middle East, or even the European Union. But one of the most misunderstood aspects of this sacred right that this is a right that an accused is afforded in a jury trial. In other words, once there are twelve peers sworn to uphold the law and follow the rules, you are presumed innocent. But until then, everyone, most especially the police will presume you are guilty and treat you as such.